Knee Pain Physiotherapy in Newmarket

Written by Melanie
12
Dec

Knee pain and knee injury is one of the most common areas of injury in a Physiotherapist’s office.   The knee joint is a complex structure.

There are three joints that make up the knee:

Patellofemoral

Tibia fibular

Tibiafemoral

 

There are approximately fourteen bursae

 There is a medial and lateral meniscus

 There are nine ligaments:

Medial collateral ligament

Lateral collateral ligament

Anterolateral ligament

Anterior cruciate ligament ACL

Posterior cruciate ligament PCL

Transverse ligament

Anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligaments

Meniscotibial ligament

 

 

From http://blog.corewalking.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/knee-patella.jpg

 

 And there are thirteen muscle attachments:

Sartorius

Rectus femoris

Vastus intermedius

Vastus medialis

Vastus lateralis

Articularis genu

Biceps femoris

Semitendonosis

Semimembranosis

Gastrocnemius

Plantaris

Popliteus

Gracilis

From  http://kneeexercises.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Strength-Knee-Muscles-1a.jpg

The knee is essential to our lower extremity function.  With all those structures, no wonder that so many get injured!  Knee pain and injury can occur by a direct hit to the knee or through the complex relationship between the knee joint and the hip, foot and ankle joints and surrounding structures as well.  The biomechanics of this relationship can result in pain and injury as well.  One example is, if there is decreased muscular control from the external rotators of the hip, subsequently there is more torque through the knee joint leading to pain.  Overall, alignment, for example, knock knee or bow legged can also contribute to knee pathology.  Weight also plays a role in knee pain.

According to Harvard health publications, walking on level ground causes 1.5 times your body weight to translate through your knee and losing 11 lbs. can decrease your chance of knee Osteoarthritis by 50% in younger obese women.

 

East Gwillimbury Physiotherapy exists to provide Physiotherapy services in Newmarket, East Gwillimbury, Bradford, Aurora and the surrounding York Region.